FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS AND INTERESTING TRIVIA
- It has been estimated that 30 baby rats are born every
second, compared to one human being.
- Rats can bite repeatedly at the rate of six bites per
- Next to man, rats are considered to be the most destructive
vertebrate animals on earth.
- A female house mouse give birth to 6 young ones about 21
days after mating. She is ready to mate again in two days. She
can produce 6 to 10 litters a year. Her young will be ready to
mate in two months.
- The word “mouse” can be traced to the Sanskrit word “musha”
which is derived from a word “to steal”.
- Rats are omnivorous, eating nearly any type of food,
including dead and dying members of their own species.
- Rats memorize specific pathways and use the same routes
- If a cockroach loses its head, it can live for about 2 weeks
since it has other “brains” on its legs. It finally dies because
it has no mouth to get food and water.
- Generally, cockroaches can live for four weeks without food,
but cannot survive for more than two weeks without water.
- You‘ve probably heard the story about cockroaches surviving
a nuclear war: we die but they live! Radiologists have found
that humans can safely withstand a one-time exposure of 5 rems
(A “rem” is the dosage of radiation that will cause a specific,
measured amount of injury to human tissue). A lethal dose is 800
rems or more (people are exposed to about 16 rems during their
lifetime). Insect researchers have found that cockroaches can
tolerate a much higher dose. The lethal dose for the American
cockroach is 67,500 rems and for the German cockroach it is
between 90,000 and 105,000 rems! In truth the amount of
radiation that cockroaches can withstand is equivalent to that
of a thermonuclear explosion.
Bedbugs (Cimex lectularius) are small, wingless insects found all
over the world. They are nocturnal parasites, which means they rest
during the day and are active at night feeding on the blood of
humans. Bedbugs prefer to hide in bedding and on mattresses where
they have access to a food source. Bedbugs have highly developed
mouthparts that can pierce skin. Their bite is initially painless
but becomes itchy and swells into a reddened wheal after a while.
Unlike the random pattern of bites made by mosquitoes, bedbugs tend
to leave orderly rows. Although bedbugs can harbour diseases in
their bodies, transmission to humans is considered highly unlikely.
For this reason they are not considered dangerous, unless a person
is allergic to them. However, their presence can be distressing and
their bites can be highly irritating.
Characteristics of the bedbug:
Half a centimeter long
Flat, oval-shaped body
Light brown in colour, changing to rust-red after a meal of blood.
Piercing & sucking mouthparts
Common hiding spots of the bedbug:
Bedbugs are most commonly found in places with a high rate of
occupant turnover such as hotels, motels, hostels, shelters and
apartment complexes. An infestation of bed bugs is NOT evidence of
unclean or unsanitary living areas. World class hotels have reported
bedbug infestation in recent years perhaps due to the increased
domestic and international mobility of society in the past few
decades. Bedbugs are attracted by the warmth and carbon dioxide
emitted by breathing of a host.
Signs to look for.
Commonly, the fist sign of bed bug infestation is the appearance
of small brownish or reddish dots on bed linens. These are fecal
spots or droppings on the surface of linens from these bugs.